A Future for California's Mountain Lions

Lecture 50 min I am flexible.
Lynn Cullens
Mountain Lion Foundation
Abstract: Though mountain lion rehabilitation is currently the responsibility of the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, the presence of mountain lions on the landscape is relevant to all wildlife professionals. California mountain lion law and policy is changing, as is the population vitality and status of lions in the state. Learn about some experiments with reintroduction into the wild, how mountain lions fare in captivity, and how the age and sex of lions plays into captive success. And take a look at recent trends and challenges to relocating lions in the wild. As threats to lions increase, people are finding new ways to coexist, and rehabilitators can help spread the word. The Mountain Lion Foundation brings 35 years of experience to the task of securing a brighter future for this invaluable apex predator.
Bio: Lynn Cullens has been working with the Mountain Lion Foundation since 1989 when she volunteered during the Proposition 117 Campaign to end trophy hunting of lions in California. As Executive Director, she leads the organization's fight to end trophy hunting in 14 states and to reduce the number of mountain lions killed as a result of depredation, poisons, traffic, poaching and habitat loss.

Advocate through Enterprising, and Turn Compassion

Workshop (Interactive) 50 min
Randy Hecht
Wetlands & Wildlife Care Center
Abstract: I want to share my experience of inadvertently rescuing an orphaned baby squirrel, becoming a volunteer at a rehab center, and turning my love of animals into a family business with proceeds benefiting local wildlife centers.

In summer 2015, I found “Roxy” lying motionless in my backyard, took her in and rejuvenated her. As she grew healthier and bigger, I became fascinated with all things squirrel, and decided to invent a board game around their activities and life achievements. As a first time inventor, I researched the market, developed prototypes and rules, and finally got the finished products produced. The game will facilitate family interaction, and kids get to practice simple math, reading and negotiation skills.

Rehabbers work hard and rely heavily on donations. I want to encourage them to find ways to turn their passion and knowledge into opportunities, and share my hard lessons and where to find free help.
Bio: Randy Hecht, a former aerospace engineer and California-licensed professional civil engineer, used to dress up as the caped crusader and navigate Southern California traffic in his Batmobile to entertain kids (and adults), participate in local cities’ 4th July parades, and appear at numerous charity events, movie premiers and business openings.

Ophelia Zhu has an education in International Business (B. A.) in China and MBA in the US, and more than two decades of experience in marketing, sales and supply chain management of consumer products. Having worked for both a start-up and established businesses, she is helping Randy get his vision off the ground.

Avian Physical Exam

Lecture 50 min + 2 hr lab, willing to repeat it if desired, would rather only do lecture once.
Rebecca Duerr
International Bird Rescue
Abstract: As mammals we all largely understand quite a bit about mammalian anatomy. But birds are another beast entirely! Drastically different and variable anatomy coupled with often small body sizes can make our fingers feel like sausages and make it very confusing to figure out what is wrong with an injured bird. In this lecture and lab we will show you how to do an effective avian physical exam, and identify all the parts while assessing what is and is not normal. Correctly identifying abnormalities is a crucial step in the treatment of all birds that come into care. Lab students will have ample opportunities to perform physical examinations of various species of birds (carcasses).
Bio: Dr. Rebecca Duerr is the Veterinarian and Research Director at International Bird Rescue's two wildlife clinics in California. She completed her DVM, MPVM, and PhD degrees at University of California Davis, with the care of oiled seabirds as the subject of both graduate degrees. She is currently working on the second edition of Hand-Rearing Birds, recently wrote and co-edited NWRA’s Topics in Wildlife Medicine, Vol. 4: Orthopedics, co-wrote the wild orphans section of Merck Veterinary Manual, and just finished Seabird Medicine and Orphan Care chapters for the upcoming book Medical Management of Wildlife Species: A Guide for Practitioners. She serves on the Board of Directors of the National Wildlife Rehabilitators Association and is a frequent lecturer at UC Davis on avian physiology and pediatrics.

Avian Wash

Lecture/Laboratory Other (specify below) The presentation will be 50 minutes long. The wash lab will be offered twice, each session will be 3 1/2 hours long. Session 1: 9:30-12:30 Session 2: 1:30-5:00 Location: Pacific Wildlife Care
January Bill
Bird Ally X
Abstract: Presentation summary:
Wildlife are exposed to many environmental contaminants, frequently caused by human activity, like uncovered oil pans, sticky glue traps, open grease bins and hanging fly traps in addition to oil spills. Once a bird becomes contaminated, their ability to fly and thermoregulate threatens their livelihood and survival. Knowing when and how to remove contaminates is essential for successfully rehabilitating your patient. This presentation focuses on stabilization, building, and equipment requirements for washing avian patients. Principles for safely removing contaminants from feathers and stress reduction techniques for each treatment will be covered.

Lab summary:
Wildlife are exposed to many environmental contaminants, frequently caused by human activity, like uncovered oil pans, sticky glue traps, open grease bins and hanging fly traps in addition to oil spills. Once a bird becomes contaminated, their ability to fly and thermoregulate threatens their livelihood and survival. Knowing when and how to remove contaminates is essential for successfully rehabilitating your patient. Through hands-on practice we will teach principles of safely removing contaminants from feathers to help restore waterproofing and the ability to thermoregulate. During the lab we will we be working with recommended wash equipment and discuss how to meet facility requirements. We will cover pre-treatment methods, wash, rinse, and drying while demonstrating ways to reduce stress on your patient during each treatment.
Bio: Vann Masvidal, Marie Travers, Shannon Riggs, DVM, Monte Merrick, Laura Corsiglia & January O. Bill are cofounders of Bird Ally X(BAX). BAX is a small nonprofit organization dedicated to helping wild birds and the people who care for them. They have been working together for over 11 years, specializing in aquatic bird rehabilitation and contaminated wildlife. They are co-authors of An Introduction to Aquatic Bird Rehabilitation.

Vann Masvidal: BAX Co-founder, Pacific Wildlife Clinic Director & Volunteer Coordinator, CCWR Board of Directors President
Marie Travers: BAX Co-founder, Focus Wildlife, CCWR Publications Committee Member
Shannon Riggs: BAX Co-founder, Pacific Wildlife Care Director of Animal Care, Wildlife Veterinarian, CCWR Board of Directors Executive Member
Monte Merrick: BAX Co-Founder, Humboldt Wildlife Care Center Director,
Laura Corsiglia: BAX Co-founder, Visual Artist
January Bill: BAX Co-founder, CCWR Advocacy Committee Member

Barn Owl Maintenance Program

Lecture 50 min
Abigail Call
Sonoma County Wildlife Rescue
Abstract: The Barn Owl Maintenance Program was developed by Sonoma County Wildlife Rescue in order to provide needed gopher control services to our community, encourage barn owl habitat, and raise funds for our raptor rehabilitation work. We assist vineyard and home owners who have gopher problems by offering a natural, organic, integrated pest management solution. We consult with the landowners to find the best places to put barn owl boxes to entice barn owls to the property and install the boxes. Once the boxes are up, we do research in the spring to determine where the nesting pairs are located. That way, when the wildlife rescue receives orphaned barn owls, we can place them with wild foster parents in barn owl boxes. In fall, we clean and maintain the barn owl boxes to encourage continual use of the boxes. In this way, we believe we can help alleviate gopher problems through ongoing barn owl presence in our clients’ homes and vineyards. The funds raised from the fees for these services support our Raptor Recovery Center.
Bio: Abby is an Animal Care Assistant at Sonoma County Wildlife Rescue. When not studying animal and plant biology, Abby dreams of reinventing the fashion system to become locally conscious and eco-friendly. She puts her enthusiasm into everything she does from catching raccoons for release to researching barn owl boxes.

CDFW Update for Wildlife Rehabilitators

Lecture Other (specify below) 30 mins
Nicole Carion
CDFW
Abstract: General statewide update on wildlife rehabilitation.
Bio: California Department of Fish and Wildlife's statewide wildlife rehabilitation coordinator.

Coyotes: Keeping the Peace

Lecture 50 min
Keli Hendricks
Sonoma County Wildlife Rescue
Abstract: Once found mainly in wild and rural landscapes, coyotes have recently become a familiar presence in most urban areas as well. Unfortunately, archaic, anti-predator biases and fear mongering by the media have led to coyotes becoming one of the most persecuted animals in North America.
This presentation will replace common myths about coyotes with facts, and provide rehabbers with tools and tips they can share with the public to help prevent human/coyote conflicts from occurring in the first place.
Bio: Keli studied animal science at Cal Poly San Luis Obispo and enjoyed a successful career as a professional horse trainer until her retirement in 2012.
She now volunteers with Sonoma County Wildlife Rescue, working in the hospital and fostering orphaned wildlife.
In addition, Keli serves as the Ranching with Wildlife Coordinator for Project Coyote where she provides outreach to ranchers on non lethal livestock protection tools and gives presentations throughout the state on coexisting with coyotes.
Keli lives with her husband Dean on the Bar CR Cattle Ranch in Petaluma, where Dean has
run the cow/calf operation for over 20 years.

Darting and Disentanglement of California Sea Lion

Lecture 50 min
Greg Frankfurter
Oiled Wildlife Care Network
Abstract: Wild pinnipeds often require capture for disentanglement, rehabilitation, or research studies. While capture was commonly performed with traps and nets, recently the use of remote sedation delivered by dart has been used for captures. This technique can improve targeting of specific individuals. Recent studies have shown that some animals that are sedated on land and subsequently re-enter the water continue to resurface to breathe, even in a sedated state. However, there is still risk of drowning due to entrapment, or of injury from other animals or boats in the area. Furthermore, it can be difficult to relocate sedated animals, as they may swim long distances or be located within a group of conspecifics. To aid in tracking and recovery of wild pinnipeds, we have developed a remote sedation dart with an integrated acoustic transmitter that allows for tracking of a darted animal up to 1 kilometer away. Using a portable, directional hydrophone we have successfully tracked darted animals by boat, which allows for approach and recovery once the animal is sedated.
Bio: Dr. Frankfurter’s work with marine wildlife started in 1999, when he began volunteering on an oil spill response team. He has worked for 15 years in wildlife rehabilitation, monitoring, and oil spill response. He has served as a field veterinarian for wildlife projects throughout the U.S. and in New Zealand and in Antarctica. He is a graduate of the UC Davis School of Veterinary medicine. Following veterinary school, he completed an internship in marine mammal veterinary medicine and pathology at The Marine Mammal Center in Sausalito, CA. He serves as a consulting veterinarian for research and field studies through the Wildlife Health and Technology Group and is the Response Veterinarian for the Oiled Wildlife Care Network.

Effective Enclosure Enrichment

Lecture 50 min
Katlyn Wolzen
Sonoma County Wildlife Rescue
Abstract: While many ideas for enclosure enrichment exist, which ones work? We’ve tried different kinds at Sonoma County Wildlife Rescue with varying degrees of success. We’ll go over the basics of enclosure enrichment, show examples of some of our favorite enrichment items, and explain how we make enrichment happen at a busy wildlife rescue. We want to share the techniques that have been the most effective and well-liked for a variety of species. What interests a squirrel is not the same as a coyote, but enrichment for each animal is possible. We’ll show you how.
Bio: Katlyn is an Animal Care Assistant at Sonoma County Wildlife Rescue. She graduated Sonoma State University with a B.A. in Zoology in May 2016,entered our Summer 2016 intern program and joined the staff in the fall. She is the Enrichment Coordinator, which means she ensures that education animals and animals temporarily held for rehabilitation have enclosure enrichment to improve their quality of life.

Effects of Dextrose on Survival of Cold Seabirds

Lecture 50 min
Nancy Anderson
Oiled Wildlife Care Network
Abstract: During this study, 87% of cold seabirds were hypoglycemic during admit examination. When birds were gavaged with warm water, no hypoglycemic individuals survived until the next morning (86% died within 90 minutes). When hypoglycemic birds were gavaged with 5% dextrose, 89% survived until the next morning. The addition of 5% dextrose to gavage fluids resulted in a mean increase in core body temperature (CBT) of 1.3 °F. Given the profound difference in survival of hypoglycemic seabirds receiving 5% dextrose gavage and the lack of any observable negative effects, gavaging debilitated, hypothermic seabirds with 5% dextrose is likely to result in more birds surviving than using tap water. This talk will also discuss why resuscitation fluids for cold seabirds should be 110-115 F and why rehabbers need to measure gavage temperatures.
Bio: Nancy received her bachelors of science and engineering, veterinary degree, and doctorate from Ohio State University. After completing her veterinary degree, she worked as a private practitioner and then joined the faculty at OSU College of Veterinary Medicine. For her doctoral research in ecophysiology, she studied energetics and thermoregulation in brown treesnakes. She came to California in 2000, where she served as the Director of Wildlife Services for Lindsay Wildlife Experience and then became a staff veterinarian at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom in 2010. Nancy joined the OWCN team in 2011. During spill response she coordinates Field Care & Processing and often serves as the Field Stabilization Lead.

Ethics & Stress in Wildlife Rehabilitation

Lecture 50 min
Marie Travers
Bird Ally X
Abstract: This presentation discusses the ethical principles that govern wildlife rehabilitation to help guide us into making the best choices for our patients. We focus on the psychological and physiological impacts of stress and how this knowledge should inform and drive our treatment decisions. Considerations for patient euthanasia, treatment, release and permanent placement will be discussed with the objective of providing a foundation for making thoughtful life decisions for our patients.
Bio: Sorry, we need another day for this.

Euthanasia in Wildlife Rehabilitation

Lecture 50 min
Guthrum Purdin
Wildlife Care Association
Abstract: This talk primarily covers the philosophical principles of euthanasia as practiced in wildlife rehabilitation. When should an animal be euthanized? How best can we balance concerns for an animal’s quality of life, including pain and suffering during treatment, against the chances for recovery and release back into the wild? What really constitutes a ‘releasable’ animal? When is euthanasia a better option than letting an animal die on its own? Thoughts on seeing the rehabilitation process from the animal’s point of view are discussed, including the benefits and pitfalls of anthropomorphism. Methods of euthanasia are discussed briefly.
Bio: Dr. Guthrum Purdin began his career with wildlife nearly 30 years ago as a volunteer at The Marine Mammal Center in Sausalito, CA, where he was active for 18 years. To expand his knowledge of wildlife rehabilitation, he started working with birds, reptiles, and land mammals at several California wildlife shelters. Since receiving a BS in Marine Biology from San Francisco State University and a DVM from the University of California, Davis, he has provided medical care for a myriad of animal species, both wild and domestic. Dr. Purdin is currently the Clinical Veterinarian at the Wildlife Care Association in Sacramento, California, which treats over 5700 patients each year. In the past he was their Wildlife Facility Manager and a member of the Board of Directors.

Food as Enrichment

Lecture 50 min
Veronica Bowers
Native Songbird Care & Conservation
Abstract: Not only does food provide essential nutrition to our songbird patients, but the variety of foods and presentation of food offers enrichment and skill building opportunities to prepare our patients for post-release success. We will discuss appropriate wild and cultivated foods for species groups, food presentation techniques for supporting skill development and enrichment, how to care for insects, and much more.
Bio: Please use bio on file

Fox, Coyote, and Skunk, Oh My!

Lecture 80 min
Ruth McDunn
Wildlife Center of Silicon Valley
Abstract: Introduction to rehabilitation and release for foxes, coyotes, and skunks. This includes:
*neonate identification
*physical examination of young animals, juveniles, and adults
*vaccination protocols
*housing inside in kennels
*outside enclosure suggestions
*enrichment ideas
*when/how to release
Bio: Ruth McDunn has volunteered at WCSV since 2011 and specialized in rabies vector species animals since 2013.

Ashley Kinney started volunteering at WCSV in April 2003 and hired as an Animal Care Assistant in 2006. Ashley now holds the title of Hospital Manager and oversees all aspects of the rehabilitation program, creates protocols and policies to improve the rehab program, trains new volunteers and teaches CDFW approved classes.

Getting It Out There: Engaging Social Media

Lecture 50 min
Amber Engle
Lindsay Wildlife Museum
Abstract: The best way to reach the broadest audience in the current culture is to use the many social media platforms available, but variety and rapidly changing trends can be daunting. You need to keep your posts fresh and engaging. This lecture will cover:
Types of posts that will serve your message.
How to assess whether a new platform will work for you.
How to post across multiple platforms.
How to get information to your local populace without being a nag.
Keeping it within your MOU.
How to make it relevant. That awesome fact or unusual bird that you love might not be the kind of thing that plays to a larger audience.
Keeping up… even during baby season.
Bio: Amber Engle started in wildlife population conservation, but found her interests better served doing wildlife rehabilitation while in Washington State. Now in California, Amber is currently the Wildlife Rehabilitation Manager at Lindsay Wildlife Experience. Coming from a background in molecular and wildlife biology, she learned the importance of social media working in the alcohol industry, and in wildlife rehabilitation, has found how those same principles of public engagement apply. Her experiences also draw from animal behavior research and wildlife monitoring for the state to inform conservation messaging.

Habitat Gardening for our Wildlife

Lecture 80 min
Veronica/ Rachel Bowers/ Avilla
Native Songbird Care and Conservation
Abstract: Habitat Gardening for Wildlife
What is more important than the patients in our care? Probably, what happens to our patients after our care. Wildlife rehabilitators are by profession, nature conservationists. Our natural instinct is to conserve and create better habitat for our patients. We often support and/or involved with organizations such as The Audubon Society, Nature Conservancy, American Bird Conservancy, National Wildlife Federation, etc. All of these have some focus on habitat conservation. We all understand the true importance of good wildlife habitat.

The truth is not all of us have a green thumb, or even have time or space to grow a garden. However if you do have any space and a little bit of time you will be amazed at what can be accomplished. The importance of your efforts can save as many lives outside as you could inside.

In this presentation we will give you some of the underlying structure of what makes a good wildlife habitat. We can provide you with some of the basics on how to get started. By using native plants and adding critical elements to your garden you can help feed, shelter and support our native wildlife species with very little effort. While there can be many different focuses to a habitat garden we will go in depth on how to best support our most vulnerable and sensitive species, native songbirds.
Bio: Both are on file.

Predator Exclusion Education Program

Lecture 50 min
Doris Duncan
Sonoma County Wildlife Rescue
Abstract: The Predator Exclusion Education Program is an innovative program at Sonoma County Wildlife Rescue where we demonstrate proven predator exclusion and predation prevention techniques in order to protect domestic animals and livestock from wildlife. With these methods we can help prevent retaliation against wildlife predators. The PEEP program is a living laboratory which currently includes a demonstration area with a catio, barn, chicken coop, night corral and predator deterrents. In addition, the PEEP program provides an opportunity for youth volunteers to learn important animal husbandry and life skills that will prepare them for future wildlife rehabilitation work and cultivate a passion for animal welfare.
Bio: After a fifteen-year career in education, Ms. Duncan became involved in wildlife rehabilitation in 1997 at the urging of her daughter. To support her daughter’s dream, Ms. Duncan and her daughter volunteered together at various wildlife centers in northern California. In 2000, Ms. Duncan was hired as the first employee of Sonoma County Wildlife Rescue and was promoted to Executive Director. She has served as a board member for CCWR and the Animal Welfare Advisory Committee – an appointment by the Sonoma County Board of Supervisors. She is currently a member of Oiled Wildlife Care Network and International Bird Rescue Center’s Oiled Wildlife Response Team. Ms. Duncan especially enjoys hands-on work including wildlife rescues, oil spill response, designing and building wildlife enclosures, and working with other professional and passionate people in the field.

Raptors Are The Solution

Lecture 50 min
Lisa Owens Viani
RAPTORS ARE THE SOLUTION
Abstract: Is rat poison our new DDT? Rat poison has infiltrated the food web and is causing widespread mortality of raptors and other wildlife, as well as sub-lethal impacts. This presentation will discuss some of those sub-lethal impacts as well as RATS' efforts to educate the general public about the impacts of rat poison on wildlife, including billboard and public transit campaigns, and our new chapters in San Luis Obispo and Santa Cruz. We will discuss the state legislation introduced this year to ban rat poison, its progress and challenges, as well as our allies in the effort and how we hope to move forward. Along with Poison Free Malibu, RATS has worked with 26 cities to pass anti-rodenticide resolutions. We will also discuss other efforts we are engaged in to try to remove these poisons from the food web, including working with cities, businesses, and schools.
Bio: Ms. Owens Viani is the co-founder and director of Raptors Are The Solution, a project of Earth Island Institute since 2013. Our mission is to educate people about the dangers to raptors and other wildlife from the widespread use of rat poison and about the ecological role of raptors. Ms. Owens Viani is a former wildlife rehabber for WildCare and is a volunteer wildlife rescuer. Mr. Joel Schulman is a co-founder of Poison Free Malibu.

Rodent Identification: Clues and Methodology

Workshop (Interactive) 80 min Could be extended up to 110 minutes
Amber Engle
Lindsay Wildlife Museum
Abstract: Can you tell a western harvest mouse from a saltmarsh harvest mouse? That is a difficult call at first glance. The rodent diversity of California is greater than most people realize. There are over 30 species and subspecies of rodents which are federally listed species or Species of Special Concern in California. More precise identification will increase your ability to offer the best possible diet and improve your reporting practices. Use dichotomous keys and learn research measurements to better distinguish your species of mouse, rat, or other rodent. Practice will occur on both live and non-living specimens.
Bio: Amber Engle started in wildlife conservation doing population surveys on saltmarsh harvest mice with California Fish and Wildlife, but found her interests better served doing wildlife rehabilitation while in Washington State. Now back in California, Amber is currently the Wildlife Rehabilitation Manager at Lindsay Wildlife Experience. Coming from a background in molecular and wildlife biology, she seeks to improve understanding of animal community diversity and increased monitoring to better serve conservation.

Rodenticide Exposure In California Wildlife

Lecture 50 min
Stella McMillin
California Department of Fish and Wildlife
Abstract: The California Department of Fish and Wildlife investigates cases of pesticide exposure and intoxication in wildlife. In California the majority of scavenging and predatory wildlife tested has been exposed to anticoagulant rodenticides, likely through secondary exposure. Most cases involve second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides, which are only available to certified applicators in California. Diagnosis of anticoagulant rodenticide intoxication requires evidence of coagulopathy, in addition to detection of anticoagulant residues in the appropriate tissues. Incidents of wildlife intoxication from bromethalin, an acute rodenticide, are increasing. Bromethalin is a neurotoxicant registered primarily for use on commensal rodents. In contrast with the anticoagulant rodenticides, exposure to bromethalin appears to be caused primarily by ingestion of the bait itself. The most commonly exposed species are striped skunks and raccoons. Diagnosis of bromethalin intoxication typically occurs after the animal show characteristic neurological symptoms such as muscle tremors, seizures, and paralysis of the rear limbs; and bromethalin is detected in the brain or adipose tissue. Cases of intoxication by the acute rodenticides strychnine and zinc phosphide are less common and appear to result from misuse of the products. Trends in wildlife/pesticide incidents and possible mitigation measures will be discussed. Reliance on chemical control of vertebrate pests, without including other elements of Integrated Pest Management, such as exclusion and sanitation, leads to widespread exposure in non-target wildlife and is an ineffective long-term strategy.
Bio: Stella McMillin is a senior environmental scientist with the California Department of Fish and Wildlife Wildlife Investigations Laboratory. She has worked for the department for 20 years and has statewide responsibility for investigating impacts of pesticides on wildlife.

Strategies for Effective Floor Management

Lecture 50 min
Stephanie Herman
Oiled Wildlife Care Network
Abstract: Whether large center or home rehabilitator, daily care or mass intake event, time and energy are the most precious resources rehabilitators have – and in the highest demand. Often, experienced staff are of limited numbers or availability, and it can be hard to find the time to train others up so they can carry some of the load. This talk will cover a range of techniques and strategies to get things done when there’s too much to do, including training techniques, staffing structure and ratios, task prioritization strategies, the use and misuse of protocols, and incorporating quality assessment and improvement plans even during the busy season.
Bio: Stephanie became obsessed with wildlife rehabilitation in the early 1990s, when she began volunteering with Michigan Friends of Wildlife and eventually the River Raisin Raptor Center. Her interest led her to the University of Guelph, where she earned her bachelors in Wildlife Biology and developed a fascination for wildlife nutrition and captive diets. After completing her degree, Stephanie interned with the Conservancy of Southwest Florida before becoming a full-time wildlife rehabilitator for the PAWS Wildlife Center in Washington State. During her five-year tenure with PAWS, she gained experience with everything from bears to hummingbirds and responded to two high-volume seabird events. She joined the OWCN Management Team at the UC Davis Wildlife Health Center as the Oiled Wildlife Care Specialist in 2013.

Terrible Towhees

Lecture 50 min
Ashton Kluttz
The Bird Rescue Center
Abstract: In this lecture, we provide an overview of the towhee protocol used at the Bird Rescue Center (www.birdrescuecenter.org). First, we review the reasons why towhees are such a challenge to rehabbers (i.e., trauma, susceptibility to captivity-induced stress, reluctance to gape). Second, the lecture will outline towhee’s natural environment in the wild: where they live, what they eat, how they behave at different stages of development, and how they communicate. Next, we will share with you the lessons we have learned over the years about how to care for towhees, highlighting the key factors for success. Finally, we will describe our towhee-specific method for soft release and provide our recommendations for easing the transition from rehab (captivity) to independence (surviving and thriving in the wild).
Bio: Ashton Kluttz is the Director of Avian Care at the Bird Rescue Center (BRC, Santa Rosa, CA). She completed her B.A. in Environmental Studies at Washington College (Chestertown, MD), and is currently in the process of completing her certification as a registered veterinary technician. She began her career as a wildlife rehabber at the Marine Mammal Center, where she served as a Stranding Intern (i.e., rescue and triage response). From 2009-2013 she worked at the Bird Rescue Center as a Shift Supervisor and took a position as veterinary assistant during 2012-2013. In the fall of 2013, she returned to BRC as Manager of the Rehabilitation Hospital, and later Director of Avian Care. Under her direction and with consultation from other organizations, BRC dramatically improved the release rates for difficult species such as towhees and house finches.

The Importance of Light in Wildlife Rehabilitation

Lecture 50 min
Tomo Wiggans
Contra Costa Animal Eye Care
Abstract: Light plays an important role in avian physiology, including development, nutrition, and vision. In this discussion, we will briefly review basic avian anatomy and physiology pertinent to light and the physics of light. We will then build upon these topics to extrapolate the importance of proper lighting for passerines in the rehabilitation environment.
Bio: Dr. Wiggans became a Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Ophthalmology in 2015. He spent 4 years volunteering at the Lindsay Wildlife Rehabilitation Hospital prior to entering veterinary school at the University of California, Davis. During his ophthalmology residency, he examined and performed ophthalmic surgery on numerous wild and captive exotic species, including patients at the Micke Grove and Sacramento Zoos and the California Department of Fish and Game. He currently practices in the Pleasant Hill area at Contra Costa Animal Eye Care.

The Return of Wild Wolves

Lecture 50 min
John Murtaugh
California Wolf Center
Abstract: In our nation’s past, wild wolves were brought to near extinction through government run anti-predator campaigns. Today, California Wolf Center is working to forge a visionary path for wolf recovery in both the Golden State and the Southwest; one built on trust and collaboration with those sharing the landscape with wild wolves. Come learn more about the plight of gray wolves, their ecological importance as a keystone predator and the unprecedented efforts of the California Wolf Center to achieve successful wild wolf recovery.
Bio: John Murtaugh is originally from Nevada and went to college at UNLV where he earned his Bachelor's in Film Studies. Wanting to eventually fulfill his childhood dream of working for wolf recovery, he decided to transition careers towards wildlife and began volunteering with Wildtracks - a wildlife conservation organization in Belize - in their primate rehabilitation center. He joined the California Wolf Center team as an intern in 2014 and was hired as the Program Coordinator in 2015. He leads all educational efforts of the organization helping to make the mission of wolf recovery in the wild a reality.

Tips on Marketing your Small Nonprofit

Lecture 50 min
Susan Pfau
Abstract: Tips on how to market your small nonprofit using low budget/no budget strategies. Examples include understanding your target audience and how to reach them, how to utilize free marketing resources, creating and using social media to build brand awareness, etc.
Bio: Volunteered/interned/worked for four years at the Lindsay Wildlife Experience's Wildlife Rehabilitation Hospital. Also have more than 20 years of combined experience in marketing/communications in both corporate and nonprofit environments. Nonprofit work includes donor and volunteer relations, corporate relations, development and communications.

UCD Hummingbird Health Program: The Ins and Outs

Lecture 50 min
Lisa Tell
Lisa Tell
Abstract: The UC Davis Hummingbird Health and Conservation Program focuses on protecting hummingbirds by combining scientific research with outreach and education awareness. Core components include hummingbird health and population monitoring research such as hummingbird banding, hummingbird tracking, and general disease related studies. Practices in place include safe and humane hummingbird capture and sampling techniques directed by a federally permitted master bander.
Bio: Lisa Tell, DVM is the Director of the UC Davis Hummingbird Health and Conservation Program and is a Master Bander for hummingbirds. She has been a full-time faculty member with the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine since 1997, and has been working with birds for the past 30 years.

What is Evidence-based Medicine Anyway?

Lecture 50 min
Rebecca Duerr
International Bird Rescue
Abstract: Rehabilitators are exposed to a lot of different protocols and methods used by others to treat wild patients, but often have limited time to really think about these treatments. Without years of college and training in physiology, science, or medicine, how can one evaluate which type of treatment is likely to help the patient and which may be a waste of time and effort? This talk will explain the scientific method, what is meant by the term ‘evidence-based medicine’, and how this type of medicine is different from other types.
Bio: Dr. Rebecca Duerr is the Veterinarian and Research Director at International Bird Rescue's two wildlife clinics in California. She completed her DVM, MPVM, and PhD degrees at University of California Davis, with the care of oiled seabirds as the subject of both graduate degrees. She is currently working on the second edition of Hand-Rearing Birds, recently wrote and co-edited NWRA’s Topics in Wildlife Medicine, Vol. 4: Orthopedics, co-wrote the wild orphans section of Merck Veterinary Manual, and just finished Seabird Medicine and Orphan Care chapters for the upcoming book Medical Management of Wildlife Species: A Guide for Practitioners. She serves on the Board of Directors of the National Wildlife Rehabilitators Association and is a frequent lecturer at UC Davis on avian physiology and pediatrics.

Wild Fostering

Lecture 50 min
Ashton Kluttz
The Bird Rescue Center
Abstract: In this lecture, we provide information of wild foster situations of mostly raptors and quail this past season at the Bird Rescue Center (www.birdrescuecenter.org). We discuss hatching eggs we received and newborn protocols that worked for us and raising 2 infant WESOs and 2 infant TUVUs as well as their surprising outcomes. Then we move on to the ‘easier’ foster process including RTHAs, GHOWs, and RSHAs. Finally we discuss an experiment with our local quail parents and wild fostering babies to them.
Bio: Ashton Kluttz is the Director of Avian Care at the Bird Rescue Center (BRC, Santa Rosa, CA). She completed her B.A. in Environmental Studies at Washington College (Chestertown, MD), and is currently in the process of completing her certification as a registered veterinary technician. She began her career as a wildlife rehabber at the Marine Mammal Center, where she served as a Stranding Intern (i.e., rescue and triage response). From 2009-2013 she worked at the Bird Rescue Center as a Shift Supervisor then took a position as Veterinary Assistant during 2012-2013 where she completed the hours required to attain certification as a Vet Tech. In the fall of 2013, she returned to BRC as Manager of the Rehabilitation Hospital, and was later promoted to Director of Avian Care.

Wordpress Websites for Wildlife Rehabilitators

Lecture 80 min
Jeanette Stone
Pacific Wildlife Care
Abstract: WordPress is not just a blogging platform. It has evolved through out the years into a versatile website content management system (CMS). It is easy to install, create webpages and is totally responsive (works on phones and tablets). This presentation gives you the information you need to get your wordpress website started! And oh yeah, it is also fun!
Bio: Jeanette served as the Center Operations Director for Pacific Wildlife Care in Morro Bay, CA. (2009-2013) She has volunteered with PWC for 10 years in different capacities; as a center worker, website & graphic designer, board vice-president and president. Visit www.pacificwildlifecare.org

WRMD: Best Practices for Best Results

Lecture 50 min
Devin Dombrowski
WRMD
Abstract: Wildlife Rehabilitation MD or WRMD for short has become a very useful tool throughout the wildlife rehabilitation community. California is especially important due to the wonderful networking amongst our state, interactive support from our State Department and our unique location.

In 2016 WRMD launched a Pilot program with help from the Department of Fish and Wildlife and the UC Davis Wildlife Health Center to survey what is affecting California's wildlife in real time. This program has been invaluable to the state and to our community.

This discussion will cover some of the hot topics that have been uncovered using the program and how best to record your data so that your organization can better contribute to the collective whole. We will also discuss where and how this information could be used in the future.
Bio: Devin Dombrowski has been a wildlife rehabilitator since 2003, working and volunteering at many organizations, including Lindsay Wildlife Museum, International Bird Rescuer, Sonoma County Wildlife Rescue, OWCN and Native Songbird Care and Conservation.

In the past few years WRMD has been a huge success within the wildlife rehabilitation community. It has on going projects with the State of California and the Oiled Wildlife Care Network. He has learned a lot by collaborating with so many groups and continues to try and provide the best support he can to the wildlife rehabilitation community.